Towards the XIII Party Congress:

A profound perception of the Party's thinking, points of view and orientation on foreign affairs in awareness and practices for the new period

Update: 15:00 | 26/12/2020
TGVN. The draft document of the XIII Party Congress is elaborately and scientifically prepared. Now that, it is widely exposed to public opinions for constructive inputs, therefore, it is a demonstration of sincerity, the close connection between the Party and the People from all walks of life.
A profound perception of the Party's thinking, points of view and orientation on foreign affairs in awareness and practices for the new period
General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong delivers a speech at the 30th Diplomatic Conference on the August 13, 2018 in Ha Noi. (Source: VNA)

In a review of 35-year implementation of the Renovation (Doi Moi), 30-year implementation of the Credo on Country Construction in the period of transition to socialism, 10-year implementation of the Credo on Country Construction (supplemented and updated in 2011), 10-year implementation of the Socio-Economic Development Strategy 2011-2020, the Political Report at the 13th Congress (hereinafter referred to as "Political Report") states that: The country has never experienced such a favourable opportunity, potentials, position and prestige like it does today.

The new context and the new situation have elicited to many new issues, new heavier and more complicated demands for the cause of national construction and defense in general, and foreign affairs in particular. In order to successfully implement the Party's foreign policy in the new period, it is necessary to thoroughly comprehend, realize the basic contents and viewpoints, especially new issues, and synchronously develop and carry out the following strategic solutions:

Firstly, it is to fully realize the goals for external affairs in the new period. Regardless of the political institutions, development levels, and foreign activities of all countries, there are three basic purposes (goals): (i) Ensuring the national sovereignty, national security and territorial integrity; (ii) Taking the advantage of international conditions for national construction and development; (iii) Positioning and promoting our influence on the international arena. Those three goals are closely related to and interacted with each other.

Secondly, thoroughly comprehending the guiding viewpoint "The interests of the country - the nation must be the first and foremost to be ensured" in awareness and practical activities. The interests of the country - the nation are the foundation, protecting the interests of the country - the nation is the fundamental principle, objective and mission of foreign affairs.

The Document of the 12th Party Congress outlines the lessons learned "to put the interests of the country - the nation on top of all", identifies the basic directions and assignments "Ensuring the ultimate interests of the nation - the nation". Inherited and developed in the new situation, the Draft Political Report continues to affirm and elevate to a new level "Ensuring first and foremost the interests of the nation - the nation ..."

Thirdly, it is to comprehend and deeply realize the Party's thoughts and views on the strategic role of foreign affairs and the country's new position in international arena. The theory and practice always affirm that diplomacy has an important role and position, a frontline of strategic significance in national construction and defense, in wartime and peacetime. That thinking and perception are always shown in the Party's guideline. With the thinking and awareness inherited and promoted, the Draft Political Report for the first time officially defines “... the pioneering role of foreign affairs in creating and maintaining a peaceful and stable environment, and mobilize external resources to develop the country and raise the country's stance and reputation”. Accordingly, foreign affairs have a pioneering role both in early country protection from a far distance and in country construction and development.

A profound perception of the Party's thinking, points of view and orientation on foreign affairs in awareness and practices for the new period
Member of the Politburo, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs Pham Binh Minh presides over the Conference to comment on the draft document. (Photo: Tuan Anh)

Fourthly, the orientations “synchronously, creatively, effectively deploy the foreign affairs; proactively and actively integrate into the world in a comprehensive and extensive manner". The Resolution of the XII Party Congress aims to "improve the efficiency of foreign affairs, and proactively and actively integrate into the world". The political report prescribes a higher orientation, more comprehensively "synchronously, creatively and effectively deploy foreign affairs". It is to deploy the resources synchronously to operate foreign affairs in areas that do not overlap and obstruct each other.

Fifthly, regarding the orientation for the contents and assignments of bilateral and multilateral foreign relations, the XII Party Congress for the first time officially mentioned the concept of "multilateral foreign relations". In order to supplement and develop that perception, the Political Report identifies "Strengthening bilateral diplomacy and raising the level of multilateral diplomacy". Multilateral diplomacy is the participation of all ministries, branches of three pillars, across all sectors, to handle national, regional and global issues. In bilateral diplomacy, the Party puts forward a requirement "creating a position of intertwining the interests and increasing the reliability".

Sixthly, it is to build up the human resources to meet the demands in foreign affairs in the new period. Our Party confirms: The most precious resource with the most decisive role is the Vietnamese people.

The draft document of the XIII Party Congress is elaborately and scientifically prepared. Now that, it is widely exposed to public opinions for constructive inputs, therefore, it is a demonstration of sincerity and the kinship between the Party and the People from all walks of life.

This is also a step for the entire Party, the entire people and the entire army to thoroughly comprehend, study the Party's guideline, creating a basis for implementing the guiding philosophy and credo: “People are to know, to discuss, to do, to monitor and thus people are the benefiaciaries".

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