Helping students graduate from high school via 4.0 IT innovation

Update: 14:00 | 22/09/2021
Thanks to innovation in 4.0 IT, solutions have been found for students who prepare to graduate from high school to have better learning conditions and better occupation opportunities.
Helping students graduate from high school via 4.0 IT innovation
The results of high school students' perceptions of future career orientation in the trend of innovation and context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 in the following chart.

Many Vietnamese scholars believe that the trend of innovation and context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 impact high school students in both directions. On the one hand, it creates favorable conditions for high school students to have vibrant career choices and orientations by their interests and aspirations. On the other hand, the trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 have a "disturbing" effect on the perception and decisions of career orientation of high school students preparing to graduate.

Understanding the concept of innovation trends and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0; understanding the effects of innovation trends and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 on high school students are necessary conditions to propose feasible and practical solutions in career orientation.

In the trend of innovation and the context of the rapidly developing Industrial Revolution 4.0, there are many new professions born, but at the same time, many jobs have been lost. Therefore, high school students are required to be effectively career-oriented, especially students preparing to graduate from high school. False evil has predicted 21st-century students' skills to acquire when socio-historical conditions are moving to develop hour by hour, day by day. If students can adapt and integrate into the context, it is an opportunity to catch up with innovation and international markets. However, the reality shows that career-oriented work has not been paid attention to, leading to many consequences for students who do not adapt to the general trend, even affecting the country's socio-economic development.

Impact of the innovation trend on the education of students

The trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 has been having far-reaching effects on teacher education and training. The role of the teacher has been and continues to change from teacher status to designer, mentor, coach, and create a learning environment. Today, teachers must teach students to adjust the quality and value of information sources, and they must be open-minded, independently critical, cooperative, actively cooperating, and interpreters between learners and what they need to know, who provide a style of getting knowledge.

The role of the teacher in the 21st century has become complex in a rapidly changing world, where knowledge becomes endless. Teachers need to meet the training program standards to enhance learners' creativity, curiosity, and motivation; they need to ensure a safe environment in the classroom.

Accordingly, teacher training institutions face many opportunities and challenges due to the impact of the 4.0 revolution. In the knowledge-based and digitalized society of the 21st century, education is facing enormous challenges, moving from traditional learning to learning methods. It places tremendous demand to transform the role of teacher - who transmits knowledge in the traditional way to a new role as a catalyst and coordinator.

This transformation forces teachers to flexibly face new tasks. Teachers need to know that each group of students must use the design and creation of various teaching materials to bring maximum benefits to teaching and learning activities. This requires the teacher to understand the design principles, how to produce materials that meet the needs of learners, instruction materials, and the use of these materials in teaching.

The teaching materials that the teacher designs will be very diverse in type as well as form. It can be a document on the message board or a film with modern slideshow tools such as PowerPoint. Therefore, learning for career development is the process by which teachers acquire new professional knowledge and pedagogical methods to improve teaching practices, bringing change to individual teachers, students, and the education system.

It is not just tech giants like Facebook or Google that push society into a new era of computing startups and look at the gold mine of user data to optimize sales. The need for real-time data analysis has become fundamental for educational institutions, at least to serve the primary purposes of the learning process (learning, practicing, testing). In interacting with learners through technology protocols, learners leave "digital footprints" of their competencies, behaviors, and learning trends. The process of analyzing these traces helps both learners and teachers better understand the learning experience of each individual, thereby making proactive adjustments to learning behaviors, methods, and goals, in addition to computer-suggested and silent adjustments.

In this context, personalization policy encourages learners to navigate the learning process themselves seems more feasible with the winging of technology. Learning experiences can take place in a synchronous or out-of-sync way. Synchronous learning activities focus on exchanging ideas and information between multiple people over the same period (e.e., online discussion, virtual classrooms), which require listening and learning from others. On the other hand, learners conduct asynchronous learning activities at their own pace to listen to a lecture again or think more about a question without affecting others.

Currently, online education platforms tend to mix these two learning experiences rather than choosing only one of two. Instead of choosing a major that you do not understand well and risking quitting in the middle, the learner decides to learn what he likes, gradually clarifying the direction and strengthening his knowledge of that specialty. This reversal of choice behavior will pressure small universities or popular online university learning platforms.

Students' perceptions about future career orientation

Students were aware of the perception of high school students about future career orientation in the trend of innovation, and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is only average, and most of the students had weak awareness, followed by poor cognition.

There’s an alarming reality about high school students' perception of future career orientation in the innovation trend and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0. This also coincides with the results of an investigation into the student's future college/career selection errors. It is costly and wasteful for the students themselves and the whole society.

Consulting with experts on the perception of high school students about future career orientation in the trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, the author has obtained the following results:

Firstly, many high school students surveyed are aware of the future career orientation in innovation. The Industrial Revolution 4.0 is only average and weak, especially for students in mountainous provinces and ethnic minorities.

Secondly, a section of high school students surveyed is aware of the future career orientation in the innovation trend and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 at a reasonable level. Experts say that these students come from cities, specialized schools, select classes, places with good learning and educational conditions.

Thirdly, the number of students with weak and poor cognition is quite large. This is a wake-up to the career-oriented work of later high schools and universities.

Experts point to some of the following specific leading causes.

Firstly, each student has not yet self-consciously learned about the future career orientation in the innovation trend and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0. They spend too much time on social networks, living virtually. They are less likely to communicate directly with the people around them. The technology factor comes back that adversely affects students, making them incapable of developing a scientific and rational study, entertainment, and exchange plan. Some of them are addicted to games, living virtually...

Secondly, the school has not done an excellent job of orienting a future career in the innovation trend and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0. This result is due to a variety of subjective and guest-passing reasons. The school is focused on teaching words.

Thirdly, the attention and education from the family; parents do not actively coordinate with the headteacher, with the school; spend little time exchanging information, education, sharing with children;. Let them find out for themselves, find information from many different channels.

Fourthly, the economic weakness, the development level of mountainous provinces and areas with ethnic minorities is also a bad influence on the perception of children living and studying in this area.

Solutions for high school students in future career orientation

To orient the future career appropriately in the trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, high school students need to implement the following specific solutions:

Every student preparing to graduate from high school needs to raise awareness about the trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0

Students learn and forecast the future human resource demand. This solution requires each high school student to learn actively and make forecasts about the needs of society for the future labor market, especially for the professions they like and care about; avoiding choosing and career orientation for social occupations that do not need to be used or will be lost in the future.

Accurate assessment of yourself (dreams, aspirations, insights, skills...) and the ability to respond to the needs of society. This solution requires each high school student to make an accurate, complete, and comprehensive self-assessment, i.e., to understand themselves most accurately and objectively; to reflect on the requirements of the professions they love in the future; to recognize what they lack and predict their ability to meet the professions they love in the future.

Decide on the right career direction: This solution requires each high school student to be self-aware that making decisions about career orientation is their responsibility and not that of their parents, family, or society; the student is solely responsible for that decision, which significantly affects the next steps in each student's life.

In conclusion, the trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 has been and will have a substantial impact on young people in general and high school students in both positive directions and poses many challenges for students; with family-social schools. Raising awareness for high school students about the future career orientation in the trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is essential for students preparing to graduate from high school.

The awareness of education for high school students about future career orientation in the trend of innovation and the context of Industrial Revolution 4.0 must be the responsibility of the school-family-society. Each department has a different role and meaning: The school plays a leading role, the family plays a coordinating role, society has a role in creating favorable conditions for awareness of the innovation trend and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0.

Derived from the above analysis, the author proposes the following specific solutions to educate high school students about the future career orientation in the trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, including:

Firstly, each student preparing to graduate from high school needs to raise awareness about the trend of innovation and the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0.

Secondly, learn and forecast the future human resource needs.

Thirdly, accurate assessment of oneself (dreams, aspirations, insights, skills...) and the ability to respond to the needs of society.

Fourthly, decide the right career direction.

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Long Hien Le

(TGVN)