UAE media spotlights Viet Nam's global solutions for maritime security

Update: 10:22 | 17/08/2021
UAE's newspaper Khaleej Times has published an article highlighting Viet Nam's global solutions for maritime security at the recent United Nations Security Council (UNSC) high-level open debate on maritime security.
UAE media spotlights Viet Nam's global solutions for maritime security
The article highlighting Viet Nam's global solutions for maritime security was posted on August 15. (Screenshot photo)

The following is the full text of the article posted on August 15.

Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh attended the high-level open debate on Enhancing Maritime Security: A Case for International Cooperation as a part of the three meetings being hosted by India during its rotational presidency of the council in August. The theme marks the first time the UNSC has held a separate official meeting on the topic of maritime security.

In the speech at the virtual meeting, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh expressed the appreciation for the cooperation mechanisms, both bilaterally and multilaterally, at the regional and global levels that the international community has successfully established, especially the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea has served as the Constitution of the Seas and Oceans, an important legal framework of integrity and universality that governs all marine activities and serve as the basis for international cooperation to address global challenges.

Despite this fact, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh underlined that the world is facing many complex maritime security challenges. "Unilateral acts that violate international law, even threats or use of force, have escalated tensions and affected peace, friendship, security, safety and freedom of navigation and trade, as well as efforts to address non-traditional security challenges," he added.

UAE media spotlights Viet Nam's global solutions for maritime security
An oil rig operating in the waters of Viet Nam. (Photo: Khaleej Times)

Maritime security is a global issue and therefore requires global solutions

To cope with those challenges, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh made three proposals.

Firstly, the PM emphasized that states and international organizations develop a comprehensive, extensive and broad awareness of the importance of oceans and seas, and the threats to maritime security.

Such awareness will form the basis for greater responsibility and political will to strengthen confidence and develop more cohesive and effective cooperation, in order to preserve and utilize oceans and seas in a sustainable manner, and safeguard a peaceful and stable maritime environment.

In addition, resources should be made available for the implementation of national strategies and regulations to meet this end.

Secondly, calling for a joint effort from all countries and territories, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh stated that maritime security is a global issue and therefore requires global solutions, which requires a comprehensive and holistic approach based on cooperation, dialogue and international law, and forge stronger cooperation through bilateral and multilateral channels and at regional, inter-regional and global levels to effectively address maritime security challenges.

In order to practice these global solutions, Viet Nam proposes the development of a network of arrangements and initiatives for regional maritime security with the United Nations working as coordinator, to bolster information and experience sharing, coordinate actions, and address common challenges in a timely manner.

He reaffirmed Viet Nam values and actively takes part in initiatives and mechanisms in ASEAN and between ASEAN and its partners for practical cooperation in the South China Sea (also known as East Sea in Viet Nam). They provide forums for dialogue and confidence-building and help coordinate maritime security cooperation.

"Viet Nam is determined to work with ASEAN and China to seriously, fully and effectively implement the 2002 Declaration of Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC), and negotiate an effective and substantive Code of Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (COC)".

He also stressed that Viet Nam is determined to work with ASEAN and China to seriously, fully and effectively implement the 2002 Declaration of Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC), and negotiate an effective and substantive Code of Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (COC) consistent with international law, in particular UNCLOS 1982.

In addition, Viet Nam calls upon all countries and multilateral institutions, especially UN agencies, to step up assistance and pay due attention to the hardships and interests of developing countries.

As the third proposal in the speech, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh said the policies, regulations and conduct of states at sea must be in line with international law, especially the United Nations Charter and UNCLOS 1982.

To realize that, states shall uphold fully their legal obligations under the convention, respect the sovereignty, interests and legitimate economic activities of relevant states, settle disputes through peaceful means in line with international law, respect diplomatic and legal processes, and ensure freedom, safety and security of navigation and overflight, without resorting to acts that would complicate the situation or create tension.

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(TGVN)