Viet Nam to apply new multidimensional poverty standards

Update: 20:01 | 03/02/2021
The Vietnamese Government has issued a decree on new multidimensional poverty standards for the 2021-2025 period, which raises the income-based poverty threshold in both rural and urban areas.
Vietnam to apply new multidimensional poverty standards
A farmer takes care of her coffee trees. (Photo: VNA)

The national multidimensional poverty indexes, which measure the ratio of the population on low incomes and with little access to basic social services, serve as the basis for policy-making in poverty reduction, social welfare, and other matters.

Under Decree No 07/2021/ND-CP, for this year alone, the multidimensional poverty measurement stipulated in Decision No 59/2015/QD-TTg for the 2016-2020 period will continue to be applied.

From next year to 2025, the income-based poverty threshold for poor households will be raised from 700,000 VND per person per month in rural areas, applicable in the 2016-2020 period, to 1.5 million VND per person per month.

In urban areas, it will be 2 million VND per person per month, compared with 900,000 VND in the previous term.

Besides income levels, multidimensional poverty will be measured by the access to six essential social services (or six dimensions) - employment, healthcare, education, housing, water and sanitation, and information access - instead of only five in the previous period.

The six dimensions will be presented by 12 indicators, up from 10.

From 2022, poor households in rural areas are those that either have a monthly per capita income equal to or less than 1.5 million VND or lack three indicators. In urban areas, poor households are those that either have monthly per capita income equal to or less than 2 million VND or lack three indicators.

The decree will take effect from March 15.

The national poverty rate is estimated to have been around 5.23 percent in the 2016-2020 period and the near-poverty rate 4.59 percent.

The northwestern mountainous region has the highest poverty rate, at 4.63-times the national rate. It is followed by the northeastern mountainous region and the Central Highlands.

The southern region has the lowest poverty rate, at less than 1 percent.

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(Source: VNA)